My blogmate Monica has been banging this drum for a minute, but John Sides looks at some new research that contradicts a bunch of the ideas about the voting habits of working class whites. Sides finds that the white working class is hardly a monolith, and says that studies show that they’re less motivated by social issues when they vote than are white people with college educations. (Working class whites aren’t any more likely to rock with tea party groups, according to this study.) Sides found that the idea that poor white folks “vote against their economic interests” by casting ballots for Republicans just doesn’t hold up:
Among whites without a college degree, income has become a stronger predictor of the vote over time. But actually it’s those with less income, not more income, who are more likely to support Democratic presidential candidates. And again, there certainly no trend by which whites with below-average incomes and no college degree become more Republican.
Kevin Drum chimes in, saying that despite the oft-repeated mantra on cable news, most working class whites like Obama just fine:
Democrats in general, and Obama in particular, don’t really have a huge “white working class problem.” What they have is a huge Southern problem…
In the West, Midwest, and Northeast, the white working class vote is fairly evenly split. Romney is slightly ahead in the West and Northeast, while Obama is slightly ahead in the Midwest. It’s only in the South that the white working class vote is overwhelmingly Republican, and this is what skews the national results, which show Romney ahead 48%-35%.
Obama’s issues with white folks — or Southern whites, really — isn’t a new phenomenon for Democratic presidential candidates. They haven’t won a majority of white voters since 1964, which not coincidentally, was the year LBJ signed the Civil Rights Act. (That may sound surprising, until you realize that Democrats have had a pretty bad run on the presidential level over the last half century, only winning four elections since ‘64.) The Act’s passage help speed up the defection of Southern whites from the Democratic ranks that had been underway since FDR’s presidency.
Two other things from the study that jumped out:
- A plurality (46%) of white working-class Americans believe that capitalism and the free market system are at odds with Christian values, while 38% disagree.
- Over 6-in-10 (62%) white working-class Americans favor raising the tax rate on Americans with household incomes of over $1 million per year.
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