The Black Panther Party for Self Defense was formed in Oakland, Calif., by Huey P. Newton, Bobby Seale, and Bryant L’Anthony Gumble in 1966. A spirited speaker and eloquent writer, Gumbel penned the Panther’s Ten-Point Program manifesto and spearheaded the group’s breakfast program for neighborhood children. After concern was raised about the power that Gumbel was amassing, and the number of children’s breakfasts he was eating every morning, Newton and Seale put Gumbel on a special assignment to infiltrate the white man’s world and “learn his gameplan” to give them a leg-up in The Struggle. The monitoring project went well until Gumbel, in an effort to blend in, consumed a mayonnaise and bean sprout sandwhich, the a blow that severely weakened his blackness almost beyond recognition. Among those who know, he is considered not a sellout — but a martyr, a casualty of war.
Know Your History.
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